Epidemiological Survey on the prevalence awareness and effective medication of hypertension
Hypertension is an important public health challenge worldwide. Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure of 120 mmHg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 80 mmHg or higher. It can be classified into two groups. First is Primary hypertension and another is Secondary hypertension. Hypertension is directly responsible for 57% of all stroke deaths and 24% of all coronary heart disease deaths in India. Food intake plays an important role in hypertension disease as high salt intake increases the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Hypertension was significantly higher in those who take alcohol and in subjects with raised total cholesterol level but in multivariate analysis only age, education and cholesterol level were in dependently associated in hypertension. Hypertension has been associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease and is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. A meta-analysis also reported that lower values of blood pressure are associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease and also with chronic kidney disease. The Present study deals with the survey on the awareness and the effective medication that could take place to reduce the risk of hypertension. The study include around 50 patients of hypertension on the basis of their prescription given to them. The aim and objective is to reduce the side effect and lesser toxicity, diet to be followed during the treatment and observe the patients of hypertension with effective medication in different hospitals.